English Grammar Overview - Parts of Speech - Pronouns

 

And now let's look at the pronouns. Simply put, pronouns take the place of a noun. We have various types of pronouns. They are personal pronouns, which can either be subject or object. We have reflexive pronouns, relative pronouns and possessive pronouns. With our personal pronouns, we have to decide whether it's the subject or the object. The subject is the doer of an action, whereas the object is the one that receives the action. Subject pronouns are: I, you, he, she, it etc. Object pronouns are: me, you, him, her, etc. In the sentence "Greg hit Pete," the subject of the sentence is "Greg", therefore I would say "He hit Pete," or I could put a pronoun in for the object of the sentence, where "Greg hit Pete", now, I go into "Greg hit him." With our reflexive pronouns, these are the actions that we do on to ourselves, if we're speaking about ourselves or somebody else. So, I could say "I'm quite happy with myself," or I could say, "You seem quite happy with yourself." Our relative pronouns basically help us add more information about the subject of the sentence. So, I could say, "Lake Michigan is a place where I go sailing every summer." Now, let's take a look at the possessive pronouns but we"ll do so by looking at also the possessive adjectives. Now, let's compare our possessive pronouns to our possessive adjectives. We can easily identify which is which by keeping in mind what our adjectives do. Our adjectives describe our nouns. Therefore, our possessive adjectives are describing the noun and followed by a noun: "This is my pen." However, keeping in mind what the pronouns do, they take the place of a noun, our possessive pronouns do exactly that: "It's mine," and one more example of this would be "It's your pen," and "It's yours."


Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

This unit explains the past tenses and how they are used. The 4 past tenses are past simple, past continuous, past perfect and past perfect continuous. Past simple is used when something happened at a definite time in the past. Past continuous is when something was happening at or around a definite time in the past. Past perfect is used to describe something something before another event happens. Past perfect continuous is rarely used but is sometimes used in story telling to describe a gradual change happening before another event.