Overview of All English Tenses - Present Tenses - Present Perfect Continuous - Comparing Cards


Here's an idea for teaching the present perfect continuous tense. However in this activity what the students will be doing, is comparing and contrasting this tense with the present perfect tense. This is something that a teacher will want to do after they've explored both tenses and because both tenses are quite confusing, we'll ask the students to compare and contrast the two, making sure that they can tell the difference. In this activity, the teacher will have cut out each individual card. The teacher will distribute the cards to the students and after a minute has gone by, the teacher will then ask the students to fold their cards over and get into a pair. One student in the pair will then present a certain result and ask the student to form the question. Here, with the prompts 'Why be angry'; The student will of course ask 'Why are you angry?' The other student will then flip over the rest of the card and read 'wait for you since 6 o'clock' and hopefully come up with a statement 'Because I've been waiting for you since 6 o'clock.' However, with this card we won't be using the same tense again. We'll be asking 'Why are you hungry?' and the student will have to answer 'Because I haven't eaten all day.' Hopefully by the end of the activity, the teacher will be able to recognize that the students are correctly deciding which tense the activity needs to be put into.

Below you can read feedback from an ITTT graduate regarding one section of their online TEFL certification course. Each of our online courses is broken down into concise units that focus on specific areas of English language teaching. This convenient, highly structured design means that you can quickly get to grips with each section before moving onto the next.

Unit 3 introduces various instructional methods applied in the ESL classroom. In efforts to keep students engaged and motivated to continue their learning, using many different strategies that reduce monotony and predictability help enliven the classroom environment. Role-playing, games and telling stories makes learning fun for students and offers the opportunity to practice the language in a meaningful manner. This unit stresses the importance of reducing teacher talk time and using praise and encouragement to help students succeed.↵