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ESSAY TOPIC: DISCIPLINE IN THE CLASSROOM. TITLE: The Different Approaches to Classroom Discipline. INTRODUCTION. This essay focuses on discipline in the classroom, the styles and approaches to discipline, Importance of discipline in the classroom and maintaining classroom discipline. Additionally, I listed steps to follow to implement an effective discipline and factors affecting classroom discipline. Discipline is a key component to effective class management. The foremost duty of the school is to teach discipline to their students because discipline is the key-point of all success and is the most useful quality. It involves obedience. A disciplined man acts strictly in obedience to law and order or principle or an approved formula. The students should conduct in a disciplined manner, they should obey the rules and regulations of the school and the directions of their teachers. Many toppers of any fields follow their study routine in very much discipline way; because of this, their level of intelligence and grip on maximum subjects remains always on top. However, discipline does not mean strictly the withdrawal of personal liberty and authority; on the other hand, it provides one with the guideline to use its freedom in a right manner. A disciplined student can achieve success. Similarly, a teacher without discipline in his life cannot be an ideal teacher. What is discipline? In the classroom, discipline refers to the strategies a teacher uses to manage student behaviors and attitudes during instructional time. In the field of child development, discipline refers to methods of modeling character, teaching self-control and acceptable behavior. In school education, Discipline is a set of rules and regulations that remind us of the proper code of behavior. Nevertheless, discipline is not only important for school students but for everyone. Discipline is a self- improvement practice. It is what helps us all to achieve our goals in life. A teacher who uses consistent discipline strategies exhibits more effective classroom management than an inconsistent teacher. Though teachers usually develop their own styles of discipline for their classrooms, most discipline strategies can be categorized into three main types or approaches according to the book, ‘Building Classroom Discipline: Sixth Edition’; namely preventive, supportive and corrective discipline. Preventive Discipline are the measures many educators take to avert misbehavior by keeping students engaged. We believe that the best way to prevent classroom misbehavior is to provide a stimulating curriculum that involves students so successfully that they spend little time thinking of misbehaving. Supportive Discipline: Supportive discipline is distinct from punishment in that it provides a student with suggestions and options for correcting a behavior before a consequence is necessary. For example, if a student is wandering around the class after a teacher has announced it is time to sit down, the teacher may say, "I made the announcement that it is time to sit down. Find your seat so we can get started or I will need to hold you after class." The Teacher has given the student the option to accept or avoid further punishment; the behaviour has been redirected through a teacher's supportive discipline strategy. Therefore, redirection and nonverbal communication are all examples of supportive discipline. Corrective Discipline: when a student has failed to redirect her behavior after repeated attempts at supportive discipline, a teacher may opt for a corrective discipline strategy. Corrective discipline refers to the set of consequences delivered to students following an infraction. There is a wide degree of variation among corrective discipline strategies, some more effective than others are. For example, engaging in a verbal altercation with a student is a corrective discipline technique, but it may escalate a volatile situation and undermine your authority as a teacher and leader. Corrective discipline strategies should be adapted to the students' age or grade level; though placing students in a time out may be effective for kindergarten, high school students are much less likely to comply with such provisions. Consistent application of consequences is an essential component of corrective discipline strategies. Importance of classroom discipline. Discipline is essential in maintaining a great learning environment in school. It develops the students into strong individuals. It commands respect for a disciplined teacher. It leads to the social development of a child and gives them a teaching of a lifetime. We need Discipline because it brings stability and structure into a person's life. If there were no discipline, people would do whatever they wanted and make mistakes without putting the consideration of others primarily. It promotes good human behavior to better society and make it a more enjoyable place for everyone to live. Maintaining Classroom Discipline. To maintain discipline in the classroom, the teacher has to: • Know school guidelines for discipline procedures. • Be fair, positive and consistent. • Provide a list of standards and consequences to parents and students. • Keep his/her classroom orderly. • Get to know his/her students. • Let the students know he/she cares. • Treat students with the same respect he/she expect from them; keep confidences. Steps to follow to implement an effective discipline in classroom: • Develop a Code of Conduct. • Teach the behaviors you want your students to demonstrate. • Practice the skills often. • Be consistent. • Correct your students when they are not demonstrating the behavior. • Provide active supervision. Factors affecting Discipline in the Classroom: • Lack of Leadership in Teacher. • The Current Education System. • Lack of Sustaining Ideal in the Students. • Economic Difficulties. • Lack of Communication. • Disruptive behavior of the teacher CONCLUSION While the word discipline seems negative, the goal of using discipline is to teach students boundaries and limits to help students achieve personal and academic life goals. Without discipline, learning cannot be accomplished. If students constantly disrupt the teacher, the others in class are affected. However, discipline is not learned in a day. It takes years to acquire this trait and the best time to learn discipline is right from childhood. That is why schools play a crucial role in imparting discipline and creating well-balanced individuals.