Teach English in WudAngzhao Zhen - Baotou Shi

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Receptive skills are sometimes called passive skills which are contrasted to productive skills, speaking and writing. Receptive skills are essential to all students to learn how to read and listen to understand and receive information. Reading enables students to write and listening helps them to speak. People read and listen for the purpose to get a specific goal or for entertainment to get pleasure. And the both receptive skills have sub-skills. Reading is fruitful for language acquisition. Without reading, a student could not learn a language, and reading activates human minds. The more students read, the better they get at it. Reading also increases students’ grammar and vocabulary knowledge. And also reading enables students to acquire much with language to write effectively by using different vocabulary and different grammar structures. Many students want to be able to read for a specific purpose such as reading for their careers and for study purposes or only for pleasure. To clarify, if you read instructions on medicines' bottles, you are reading for a purpose. While reading stories or books in free time for entertainment is called reading for pleasure. To read effectively, the teacher should teach students how to use reading skills to understand the written English text, such as skimming in which students usually read on a topic sentence to get a general idea from a text. And students also need to scan a text for specific information without reading a text in details, for example, a student looks for to know the result of a football match in a newspaper. While reading for details, students need to know all the details included in a text. Therefore, these reading skills are important in reading language skills. The other point in reading, during the reading process, students minds must not only be able to understand the words but also be able to grasp their overall meaning from their prior knowledge of the world. Furthermore, teachers should encourage and engage students while reading to get pleasure from a text. And there should be active reading as pre-teaching vocabulary by explaining and demonstrating the complicated keywords in a text. After reading a text, provide students with comprehension exercises to answer questions to understand clearly the text. On the other hand, listening skills are useful to understand what other people saying either in face-to-face communication or listening to podcasts, TV, or audio. Listening is the most difficult in four language skills when English is not the students' native language because they are not completely exposed to it in everyday life. Therefore, students must be exposed to the English language in the classroom so that students will listen and understand the native speakers' accents. Teachers should communicate only English in the classroom and no native language should be used. Moreover, to develop language skills, the teacher should encourage students to listen every day to English language films or podcasts to get familiar with different accents. To do a listening activity, provide students with pictures related to the target topic to raise their interest. During listening, students should listen for the gist to get a general idea about the topic, and listening for the specific information to answer some questions about the listening topic. Thus, listening is important for human beings in general and students in particular to understand the speaker's pronunciation in his grammar, vocabulary and grasping his meaning. In conclusion, Teaching the receptive skills are very important for the students to receive as much information as possible, and to link them to the prior knowledge as a result to produce the language by writing and speaking either in the classroom or outside the classroom.