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* WHAT IS CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT? Classroom management is a term teachers used to describe the process of ensuring that classroom lessons run smoothly without disruptive behavior from students compromising the delivery of instruction. Classroom management creates a set of expectations used in an organized classroom environment. Classroom management is a key element to establish a successful learning environment in any classroom. An effective classroom management plan creates a positive learning environment. Classroom management is effected by the characteristics of students and their behavior. Students behavior is influenced by their age, academic abilities, goals, interests and home backgrounds. Teachers need a diverse array of classroom management skills to facilitate learning. A classroom with a proper management plan will spend less time in disciplining and more time in learning. Students in effectively managed classrooms know and follow clearly defined rules and routines. * OBJECTIVES OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT:- The objectives of classroom management are for the students to gain behavioral, social and academic success in a structured environment that caters to tolerance, exemplary behavior and learning. Effective classroom management means implementing strategies that create a safe, fair and rule-based learning environment for children to flourish in promoting and assisting students to understand the procedures and expectations of the teacher and classroom through positive reinforcement, high expectations and discipline instills independence and enhances students growth. * IMPORTANCE OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT :- Effective classroom management paves the way for the teacher to engage the students in learning. 1. Effective teaching:- A disorganized classroom without routines and expectations makes it difficult for the teacher to do her job. Students don’t know what to do, so they might get off task or cause disruption, when the teacher is constantly redirecting students or handling behavior problems, she loses crucial teaching time. Classroom management strategies help create an organized classroom environment that’s conducive to teaching. 2. Efficient use of time:- Taking time before school starts to create routines and procedures saves you time in the long run. When children know what to do, it becomes a natural part of the routine. After a few weeks, you don’t need to tell them what to do. The students know they get their planners out, write in homework assignments and gather all of their materials at the end of the day, for example. You can get your kids out of the door faster at the end of the day. When you train them how to do each part of the school day you don’t spend as much time giving directions. 3. Consistency:- A teacher with strong classroom management skills creates consistency for his students. The kids know what to expect everyday when it comes to the routine activities. Your students may fare better when you’re gone if you have set expectations for everyday tasks. They know how the classroom runs so they are able to help the substitute run the classroom. 4. Fewer behavior problems:- The main goal of classroom management is to reduce misbehavior in the classroom. Effective classroom management gives the students little time to misbehave. Because the expectations are clearly explained, the students know what they need to do. The expectations for behaviors that are part of a classroom management plan give students boundaries, as well as consequences. * PROMOTING GOOD METHODS OF CLASSROOM MANAGEMENT:- Helping students to govern their own behavior in ways that help them learn is a long lasting goal of all teachers. There are a number of ways that a teacher can promote good discipline in the classroom. 1. Know school guidelines for discipline procedure. 2. Be fair, positive, and consistent. 3. Provide a list of standards and consequences to parents and students. 4. Keep your classroom orderly. 5. Get to know your students. 6. Let the students know you care. 7. Treat students with the same respect you except from them, keep confidences. 8. Learn the meaning of terms, especially slang, used by students. 9. Begin class on time and in a professional manner. 10. Make learning fun. 11. Praise good work, good responses, and good behavior. 12. Avoid arguing with the students. 13. Give reasonable assignments. 14. Keep rules simple.