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All teachers need to create a practical lesson plan to have a functional lesson period. But more information must be explained regarding lesson plans and how to change them for younger learners. What are these lesson plans? What to do with them? How to set them up? How do teachers adapt lesson plans for younger learners? A lesson plan is a document created by a teacher and it shows what will take place during a particular lesson. Lesson plans are working documents. If the teacher cannot make it to their class, the lesson plan can be used by a substitute teacher. Furthermore, by using it, teachers can observe which topics they have already covered in the past or still have to teach in the future. Although there are no foolproof ways on how to write lesson plans, certain information must be in the plan. The information is as follows. The objectives are the expectations the teacher has for the students at the end of the lesson. The aims are what the teacher wishes to achieve for the lesson, such as teaching improvement. The language point shows the particular theme of the lesson and how it fits in the past and future lessons. The anticipated problems for both the teacher and the students are the problems the teacher predicts will occur during the class. It is expected of the teacher to have solutions for these problems before the class even begins. The procedures are the exercises that the students will participate in to achieve the learner objectives. The phases are the engage, study, and activate phases of the ESA learning methodology. Other factors to consider in a lesson plan are the class level, the number of students, the date and time, the timing of each activity, and the teacher's name. A lesson plan should be kept simple, not scripted, and open for modification. For teachers to have an effective lesson plan, they should know the general format of a lesson plan. This is why teachers have to be flexible, have a particular goal in mind, revise, and have variations in the lesson plans they create. All four of these points give the teachers more time to focus on the students. For teachers to modify a lesson plan for younger learners, they need to determine the approach of learning. Young learners are classified as students between the ages of 5 and 13 years (as per this course.) So the teaching methodology divides them into two groups. The first group is the learners between the ages of 5 to 9 years. The second group is the learners between the ages of 9 to 13 years. The teaching methodology for group 1 is EP methodology. Due to the age of the students, more verbal repetition, drilling, and high levels of physical activity are utilized. Lessons take on the engage and practice (EP) form. The practice part of these lessons consists of all the activities that happen after the engage phase. Due to the young learners' short attention span, various activities will be used within the lesson. In the teaching methodology for Group 2, the teacher is there as a facilitator and the lesson will be student-focused. For this group, the teacher will need to adapt to the ESA methodology. The main aim of the engage stage to get the students to think and speak in English, using some sort of material to elicit English from the students. The study phase is where the actual teaching takes place. After the study phase, students work in groups or pairs to complete exercises. For the activate phase, learners share their work with the class. Looking at the information provided, it is clear that an effective and functional lesson plan can be created and adapted for the younger learner. But teachers first need to know the importance of a lesson plan for a general learner. Once they understand the lesson planning process, they can easily adapt it for younger leaders.