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Teacher Career Development There are teachers across the world that face problems in their career where they get tired and frustrated in being a teacher. This happens to every type of teacher including language teachers and instructors. Sometimes we expect something and the jobs simply don’t provide what we want or even need. For others, teaching might just be a temporary thing, and for some teaching might be a stepping-stone for something more ambitious like being a college professor or being a school director. The good thing about being a teacher is that there are other types of job prospects including inside the teaching umbrella and jobs outside of it. TEFL and TESOL Some countries do not require English teachers much to teach English. Some, for example, Laos does not require English teachers to have bachelor degrees, while countries like South Korea, Japan, China, and essentially all European countries require a BA or BS degree (if you’re from the U.S.). A few countries prefer master's degrees in order to work in schools and in a university setting. Some places in the Middle East such as U.A.E. gives out higher wages but require a master’s degree. The only thing that is absolutely essential to teach English is well to know English fluently. There are some cases where elementary English can be taught with non-native non-fluent English speakers but that is not the case that I’ll be covering here. However, what really makes prospective ESL teachers stand out is having a sort of certificate to either get you started or develop the skills needed in the teaching environment. As we have covered in the 120hr certification, the Teaching English to Young Learners and Business English certifications, there are different tests that one can take to reach a certain desired level of an ESL teacher and is done with obtaining a TEFL, TESOL or TESL certificate. Though these are the most known internationally, there are others such as the CELTA, and even some that would require college credits and accreditation giving prospects higher teaching accreditations but with a higher cost involved. Nevertheless, these certifications have proved to be enough to bring the necessary information for those who seek a teaching English opportunity abroad. For those who seek a better opportunity and a higher salary, there is no escaping a master’s degree. A master’s degree will usually take from a year to two years in length and will require a final assessment in some cases a thesis. This degree will be displayed typically as an M.Ed. in TESOL, M.Ed. ESL, English or M.S./M.A. in TESOL, ESL, or English (in the U.S.). This degree will open the door to a teaching position in a college-level environment and will also open doors to ESL administrative related positions with TEFL and TESOL certificate-granting companies. Research in ESL will also be available to those who reach the master’s degree level. It’s not said that it is impossible to reach any of these levels without a master’s degree in the field but in my opinion, it is highly preferable and in some cases needed to reach those types of jobs, especially if the prospective teacher is looking for an ESL college teaching job in the United States. Experience as a TEFL/TESOL instructor will always help to get better positions but there will always be some positions that won’t be attainable without the proper college education. References: Freeman, D. (2006). A Framework for Teacher Learning and Development. Center for Teacher Education, Training and Research. TESOL Symposium on English Teacher Development in EFL Contexts. Shantou University, China. Retrieved by: https://www.tesol.org/docs/default-source/new-resource-library/symposium-on-english-teacher-development-in-efl-5.pdf?sfvrsn=0&sfvrsn=0 International TEFL and TESOL Training. TEFL jobs. Retrieved by: https://www.teflonline.net/jobs/ Monaco, E. (2018). What’s the Difference Between CELTA and TEFL? TEFL Courses. GoOverseas. Retrieved by: https://www.gooverseas.com/blog/what-is-the-difference-between-celta-and-tefl Montrose, B. (2015). TEFL, TESL, TESOL – What’s the Difference? TEFL Courses. Go Abroad. Retrieved by: https://www.goabroad.com/articles/tefl-courses/tefl-tesl-tesol-whats-the-difference