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Vocabulary is the knowledge of a word not only implies a definition, but also implies how that word fits into the world. Vocabulary knowledge is not something that can ever be fully mastered; it is something that expands and deepens over the course of a lifetime.It is crucial to a student’s language development and communication skills. After all, without adequate words, it’s difficult to relate thoughts, ideas, and feelings about who we are and how we interpret the world around us. It’s a good idea to think about how students will recall a word when sitting for an exam and use this as your starting point to determine how you want your students to remember what you have taught them.contextual experience (an interesting story, a series of images, a dialogue) that leaves a deep impression so when the time comes for a class to recall a particular list of words, they’ll be able to access these words with little trouble. Choosing vocabulary that is connected to the students’ lives and can be easily applied to their world outside of the classroom.In teaching vocabulary for children, they are innately curious and love to learn about things that surround them.Teens, on the other hand, need vocabulary to help them understand the books they read, music they listen to, or the shows they watch, as well as words that can help them express their feelings.Adults need the appropriate TEFL vocabulary to help them relate on both a personal and business level, and they rely on you to give them the best and most common words and phrases that will help them improve their communication skills. In teaching vocabulary instead of teaching the definition of a word, teach root words. Teaching students the meanings of specific root words and have them guess what the definition is. Students can take these root words and use them to decipher words they don’t know in the future.At first vocabulary ,it is all about noticing and understanding new words.Such as introducing nouns,introducing adjectives,introducing abstracts.The next step might be recognizing new words matching(Students may be required to match opposites, synonyms, or a word with its definition, as well as a picture to a word.),fill in the blanks with option(Hand out a piece of written text anything from a description, song, letter, to even a short story with blank spaces that must be filled in from a list of words.Since drawings and photos are fairly universal and understood by most people, this is perhaps a good way to present new vocabulary.Games are an essential tool in the ESL and TEFL classroom. They allow students to think outside the box, put what they’ve learned to immediate use, create experiences with their classmates, and break away from lessons that could otherwise be tedious.Hang-man,Flash card BINGO popular games and activities can be used to teach ESL vocabulary.Then after learning it is all about producing vocabulary through description and brainstorming .Also listening to their favorite songs,reading news paper magazines can help the students improve in teaching vocabulary to the students. Finally in teaching vocabulary is to do the best to make sure your students can relate to each lesson and are almost immediately able to use what they’ve learned.