Child Language Development I will be focusing on child development
I will be focusing on child development but in the early language development stages from 6 months old to 8 years old. At 6 months a child will start vocalization with intonation, will respond to his/her name and human voices without visual cues by turning his/her head and eyes. At this age can also respond appropriately to friendly and angry tones. At first he/she is most interested in the pitch and level of your voice. When you talk to him/her in a soothing way, he´ll/she´ll stop crying because he/she hears that you want to comfort him/her. By contrast, if you shout out in anger he/she probably will cry, because your voice is telling him/her something is wrong.
Your participation in your child´s language development will become even more important after 6 or 7 months, when he begins actively imitating the sounds of speech. Up to that point, he might repeat one sound for a whole day or even days at a stretch before trying another. By the age of 12 months the child will understand simple instructions if vocal or physical cues are given. Will also start to become aware of the social value of speech. Usually by 12 months old the child will start saying a few words that call attention to their parents such as mama or dada. Although this is a basic average it can range quite a bit as I asked my mother what age I said my first word and she told me I had said ´dada´ lots of times around the age of 3 months.
By the age of 24 months the child can name objects and common surroundings. The child´s vocabulary usually consists of 150-300+ words and the volume and pitch may not be accurate. Also, boys generally develop language skills more slowly than girls. Whenever your own child begins to speak, his first few words probably will include the names of familiar people, his favorite possessions and parts of his body. You may be the only person who understands these early words because he´ll omit or change certain sounds. Also can start to understand complex instructions. Early in the second year, your toddler will suddenly seem to understand everything you say. You´ll announce lunchtime and he´ll be waiting by his highchair. You´ll tell him you´ve lost your shoe and he´ll find it. At first, his rapid response may seem a little unusual.
By the age of 36 months the child usually can express themselves well with a list of vocabulary of about 1000 words. About 90% of what the child says should be intelligible. Language allows him/her to express his/her thoughts, and the more advanced he is in speaking and understanding words, the more tools he´ll have for thinking, creating and telling you about it.
By the age of 4 years old the child knows names of familiar animals and can use four prepostions or can atleast demonstrate a understanding of their meaning. Can usually repeat words with four syllables. Has most vowels and dipthongs and the consonants p, b, m, w, n, well established. Begins to understand such concepts as longer, larger, when a contrast is presented. You can help him expand his vocabulary by providing additional words that he might not even request. For example, if he points to a car and says, "Big car," you might answer, "Yes, that´s a big gray car. Look how shiny the surface is." Or if he´s helping you pick flowers, describe each one he collects. "That´s a beautiful white-and-yellow daisy, and that´s a pink geranium."
By the age of 5 years the child can use many descriptive words spontaneously-both adjectives and adverbs. Knows common opposites such as big-small, hard-soft, heavy-light, etc. Can count to a fifty. Speech is usually 100% intelligble, in spite of articulation problems. Should also have simple time concepts like night, day, morning, after, before, tomorrow, yesterday, today, etc. Your child will probably pick up many swear words at this age. From her point of view, these are the most powerful words of all. She hears adults say them when they are most angry or emotional, and whenever she uses them herself, she gets quite a reaction. The best way to stop this behavior is to be a good role model and make a conscious effort not to use these words, even when you are stressed. In addition, try to minimize your child´s using these words without drawing too much attention to them.
By the age of 6-7 years old the child should have mastered all the sounds in the language and not have trouble pronouncing many words. Vocabulary should now be around 2000-2500 words. He/she can tell elaborate stories using relatively complex sentences of up to eight or nine words.
By the age of 8years old the child will have a well developed time and number concepts. Control of rate, pitch, and volume are generally well and appropriately established. Can carry on conversation at a rather adult level. Language is a beautiful gift. With it we can share our wants, our needs, our thoughts, our feelings, and everything that makes us human. If you spend time with a child, you have the power to give and nurture this gift of communication.
Many factors affect the rate at which a child develops language Sometimes this development slows down when learning other skills at the same time, such as standing or walking. In other words, the bulk of the child´s concentration and energy may be going to gross motor development at this point with little reserve for the development of language.
The amount of kind the child hears may also affect the rate of language development. For example, if the child is learning two languages at home, his or her brain is trying to learn two sets of vocabulary, process two sets of speech sounds, and understand two sets of grammatical rules. That is a lot of work! It may take longer to begin talking, and still the child may at first feel comfortable speaking in only one of the languages. Some children who are immersed in a new language at school may be silent for a long period of time.
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