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Classroom Management Classroom management is one of the most
Classroom management is one of the most vital parts of teaching. A well managed class gives students structure, organization, and a plan for success. Harry Wong in his book The First Days of School states that 'research indicates that the amount of time students spend actively engaged in learning activities is directly linked to their academic achievement' (1, 86). If a class is managed and running smoothly the students will have more time to learn, will be more relaxed, and are more focused during lessons. In order to manage a classroom effectively a teacher must be organized, consistent, and must praise good behavior.
Most bad behavior can be thwarted if a teacher is organized and consistent in their approach. Student behavior models the teacher's behavior. If a teacher is constantly late, does not have his/her lessons prepared and is handing back homework late his/her students will follow suit. They see their teacher's disorganization as a sign of apathy towards the class, and will in turn begin to not care. They will start showing up late, not turning in homework and disrupting the class. A teacher should model how they want their students to behave and show them the respect they deserve by being organized.
A teacher should also set up consistent standards for his/her student so they know what is expected of them. From the beginning of the year the teacher should set and practice the rules of the classroom (push in your chair, line up for recess etc.) So the students will have a clear understanding of what is expected of them and know how to live up to those expectations. Students (especially younger students) want to please their teacher and if they have a clear understanding what is expected they will know how to succeed (1, 143).
Consistency is not only important in rules but also in the teacher's behavior. A teacher should remain cool and calm throughout the entire class period. If a problem does arise in class the teacher should stay level and not get emotional. If the teacher gets upset and loses their cool their students will become more excited and upset and the problem will escalate. When a teacher is able to stay level and calm the classroom will remain the same.
Finally, Praise! Praise! Praise! Praise! Positive reinforcement is how people learn. From my own work experience, I have noticed that if a boss gives me positive feedback I have the desire to do well and perform at a higher level. However, if a supervisor is always finding fault in my work I find myself less motivated and performing less. Teachers should strive to always find the good in their students' performance, even if the student makes a mistake praise the student for trying. Positive reinforcement also works for behavior problems If students are acting up, the teacher should find a student who is behaving as they should and praise them for it (either with prizes or verbal thanks) The students who are misbehaving will notice the attention given to the well-behaved student and will follow suit.
Classroom management allows students to have purposeful and positive learning experience that help them to learn and grow in their understanding of EFL.