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Classroom Management The topic of classroom management is
The topic of classroom management is one that is very broad and involves many aspects of what a teacher has to do as head of the classroom. To try and define the term classroom management is a challenging task, on the internet I found what seemed to be the most accurate in my mind. It stated that classroom management is, 'a broad set of teaching behaviors through which the teacher shapes and maintains learning conditions that facilitate effective and efficient instruction resulting in a learning community...It involves motivating students to learn, providing appropriate instruction and feedback, and managing student work. ' I like the definition because it holds two of three keys to classroom management. The two keys in it are most important, they are building rapport, and organization. The third not mentioned in the definition I refer to as maintaining order. Many definitions I found focused far too much on discipline and not enough on educating, which is why I liked the one cited above. However, maintaining a disciplined classroom is important and has to be recognized as well.
The first step to becoming a good classroom manager is building a rapport with students. As mentioned in the course this means always maintaining eye contact, keeping a good pitch in your voice, and provide a certain amount of positive energy into the class. Coming into a classroom and being energetic about what you are teaching and letting students know that you are there to help them can help not only earn their respect but also motivate them to learn. A teacher that shows passion for the exercises and activities they present can garner participation from students much easier. This does not mean that a teacher has to be an over the top enthusiastic, not everyone is going to be willing to do this to the same extent. Teachers can show their enthusiasm by engaging students one on one during study exercises. The opportunities for teachers to build a positive relationship with students are endless.
The second important aspect of classroom management for a teacher is organization. This involves coming up with lesson plans. Making sure the plan has all three stages of learning involved, and that there is a backup plan. The teacher also needs to make sure that all necessary materials are ready to go come class time. After planning the teacher needs to orchestrate the lesson in an efficient manner, this involves keeping sections to their time constraint, and not getting off topic. The teacher needs to keep the classroom busy and engaged in what is being taught, the best way is to constantly have an activity on the go. Sometimes a certain part of a lesson may not go as well as expected, this is when you have to act and move into something else in order not to lose the class. Teachers need to be on top of their own work as well. Keeping students well informed of their progression is essential, therefore having feedback done on time in the form of grades and comments is an obligation. Teachers, unlike students can ill afford to make mistakes and staying organized is the best way for them to avoid that.
The last part of classroom management, maintaining order, includes not just discipline but the overall way the teacher controls the classroom. An important part of this is seating arrangement, how the desks are setup. Many times teachers can avoid discipline problems before they even occur. Noticing students that don't get along and separating them is one example. Disciplining is something that may be unavoidable when teaching younger students, teachers just need to remember to remain calm, not take sides, and not to make empty threats. Try and keep a smile at all times.
Overall, how good a teacher is at classroom management, will dictate the success he or she has educating students. The points raised in this article are especially important for young students, they need routine in order to make good habits. A teacher that conducts a lesson in a routine manner will only help students further.
1. Colville-Hall, Susan. Responsible Classroom Management.