Games In The Classroom Games play an important role in the
Games play an important role in the learning of English. Games are very effective in the engage and the study phase of a lesson. Games are a fun way for students to learn English. They brighten the classroom atmosphere, help motivate the students, make lessons enjoyable and establish rapport between teacher and student and student to student.
There are many games to choose from. The game chosen depends on its purpose. For example is it being used in the engage stage of a lesson as a warmer or is it being used as an activate activity to help students learn certain grammar or vocabulary. Games used in the engage phase should be short, simple and fun. Games in the activate stage can be more complex and involve a higher level of English.
Games are great ways to introduce new vocabulary and revise vocabulary already learnt. Games that teach vocabulary are handy to use at the beginning of a lesson in the engage stage to introduce the topic and vocabulary needed for the lesson. Examples of vocabulary games include: Hangman, bingo (students can have pictures on a board and the teacher calls out the name of the picture in English) memory cards where students need to match the word to the picture, scrabble etc.
A good game for learning adverbs is to divide the board in two. On one side have the students write as many adverbs as they can and on the other have them write as many verbs as they can. Then divide the class into two teams. Each team takes turns putting together a sentence with an adverb and verb and the other team has to act it out. For example 'talk crazily.'
A game to learn skills for describing characteristics and appearances of people is for students to take turns at describing a person (such as a politician, celebrity, teacher at the school) while the other student's draw a picture of who the person is describing. The person being described is not revealed until the students have finished drawing. The students can have fun sharing their pictures with the class.
As a game to pay attention to the spelling of words chain spelling is good. The first student starts with a word (dog) the next student has to say a word beginning with the last later of the previous word (dog ' goose) and so on. (Dog ' goose ' elephant ' truck etc) This helps students to be more aware of spelling tricks such as silent 'e' etc.
Games are a great way for students to interact with each other and establish rapport. This is important in a classroom because when students get to know each other they feel more comfortable and are more likely to freely express themselves in English and participate in classroom activities. A good get to know each other game for students is 'Who am I' students write on a piece of paper something about themselves (I grew up in china, I have 10 siblings, I was a cheerleader in high school etc) The teacher then collects the pieces of paper and reads them out to the class, the students then have to guess who they think wrote the statement. Another get to know you game is to have students all sit in chairs in a circle there should be one less chair than the number of students. One student stands in the middle and all the other students sit around in the chairs the. The student in the middle says, 'Change places if'' and makes an ending to the sentence. For example change places if you have a brother. The one student who doesn't get to a chair is now the student who has to make up the ending to the sentence.
Other games such as celebrity heads (and variations of this game using countries, animals etc instead of celebrities) and 20 questions are great ways to increase student involvement in the classroom.
There are many games that can be used in classroom to teach English. There are different games for all levels and for all ages. Many games can be found in teacher resource books or online. In conclusion games are a very effective way to teach English as they are fun and encourage participation. Students are more likely to be motivated and enjoy lessons. When students are having fun, participating and alert they learn more and therefore games are an effective teaching technique.
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