Lesson Planning Research indicates that all students

Research indicates that all students benefit from and appreciate well structured lessons. Lesson plans are written by teachers to help them structure the learning for themselves and for the students. Lesson planning is a special skill that when developed will help to define you as a teacher. When you are able to create your own lesson plans, it means you have taken a step towards owning the content you teach and the methods you use. Acquiring this skill is far more valuable than being able to use lesson plans developed by others.

A lesson plan is a way of communicating, and without doubt, effective communication skills are fundamental to all teaching. Teachers create lesson plans to communicate their instructional activities regarding specific subject matter. Lesson plans help new or inexperienced teachers to organize content, materials and methods. When learning to teach, organizing your subject matter content via lesson plans is fundamental. Like most skills, you'll get better at it the more you do it and think of ways of improving your planning and teaching based on feedback from student's and other teachers.

Almost all lesson plans developed by teachers contain student learning objectives, instructional procedures, the required materials and some written evaluation of the learning outcomes. An aid to planning ' writing down what you expect the students to achieve by the end of the lesson and how you intend to make that possible.

A working document ' A lesson plan helps you to keep on target and gives you something to refer to during the lesson.

A record ' A lesson plan acts as a record of what a class has done and which materials have been used.

The development of a lesson plan should start a list or description of general information about the plan. This information sets the boundaries or limits the plan. There are many questions which need to be answered before completing the lesson plan. I have listed a few of the many possibilities.

Can the lesson plan be adjusted to suit students with different grade levels'

Does the lesson plan encourage students to be involved in the learning activities'

Does the lesson permit for monitoring of students progress'

A good lesson plan, especially for a new teacher, should include;

Learner objective ' What you want the students to be able to do by the end of the lesson.

Context ' This shows the theme around which your lesson is based and also how it fits in with past and planned future lessons.

Procedure ' The method by which you will achieve these aims.

Teaching aids ' Materials and other aids that you will need for the lesson.

Personal aims ' What you as a teacher wish to achieve.

Class level ' The level of ability the class has with the English language.

Number of students ' To ensure your activities are suitable to the class size.

Timing ' It is vital to plan how long each activity is expected to take. Be realistic and flexible with your timing.

Interaction ' Who will be interacting at each stage of the lesson.

Date/ time ' Historical record.

Anticipated problems ' It is very important to try and anticipate any particular problems that may arise and have a solution for these problems should they arise.

Teacher/ observer names ' May be useful if the class is being monitored.

Before the lesson;

Be organized

Check you have your lesson plan

Make sure you have all the necessary aids and materials needed

Check your equiptment works

Layout materials and aids so that you can easily find them

Arrange seating as desired

Ensure board is clean

Be ready to chat with students as they come into class, this will help break the ice.

Have fun


ITTT ' International TEFL Teacher training Unit 14 ' Lesson Planning