Motivation In The Classroom Motivation is a vital key to learning

Motivation is a vital key to learning and grasping any lesson. Students sitting in a classroom discussion or lesson can become very bored and disinterested, no matter the motivation for being there, if they do not understand how something relates to them, they will not care about that thing. This is why it is the teacher's role to present the relevance of the material covered in the classroom and how it can not only be learned effectively and be fun, but also be relevant and useful to the students' lives in general.

Motivation starts by capturing the student's attention ' however this needs to be maintained throughout the duration of the course in order to effectively progress with the students. What is relevant for one will not be relevant to another. The levels of the students needs to be carefully determined as students at a higher level will become bored and de-motivated by a lesson that is too junior. Therefore it is of utmost importance for a teacher to hold the attention and the motivation of the entire class through creativity and planning and knowing which students need extra attention and which lessons need modification. Proper classroom explanation and instruction is needed by the teacher, so the students can understand what is expected of them for each lesson and activity that is expected of them. Building and maintaining a good rapport with the students as well as an element of suspense and expectation needs to be created to keep the students motivated. When the teacher shows self motivation, enthusiasm and energy in the classroom, this will rub off on the students.

Internal factors include the individual characteristics or dispositions that students bring to their learning, such as their interests, responsibility for learning, effort, values and perceived ability (Ainley, 2004). It is important for the teacher to get to know the students, their cultures and what is relevant and of interest to them, this will allow the teacher to also plan and design lessons that are creative.

One needs to have achievable, relevant and purposeful material that is well thought out and prepared. Teachers must be kind and listen fairly to the students, and be patient when they don´t understand. Being harshly corrected by a teacher can cause a student not to progress in their learning, as they will feel humiliated and intimidated to participate next time.

The teacher needs to engage students in setting learning goals. Make sure that goals are challenging, but achievable. Encourage students to take ownership for their learning, and to reflect on what they have learned and accomplished. But remain involved enough to guide the students to achieve their learning objectives.

Motivation comes in many forms, there needs to be a certain amount of competitiveness in the classroom in order for the students to feel that there is a reward for achieving goals above other students, but it needs to be administered in a healthy way. Evaluating students fairly allows the students to see for themselves how they have progressed, learnt and understood the lesson, this can be a great motivator.

Make real-world connections and examples that will assist the students in identifying with what they are learning, in this way learners are motivated because they have achieved and succeeded even in the smallest way.

Teachers need to reward with care though. Some students can be motivated only to avoid failure, as students find it difficult to progress in stressful environments, so the teacher needs to monitor that the achievements are realistic and that the students are in fact progressing. It is the teacher's responsibility to create the right environment for the students to feel confident, comfortable, non-intimidated, interested and motivated.

Motivation is the backbone of a classroom. When the students are motivated, the teacher can perform their job the best.