Peculiarities of the English language The origins of the English language;


The origins of the English language; England is the birthplace of the English language, due to process of history, this language has spread to many parts of the world. English is considered to be the international language of the world. It is used as a link language for international business and diplomacy. It is rich in all kinds of literature, including technical books and journals. It is spoken either as a first or second language by 1.5 billion people.

English is a mixture of several languages. It contains several words of the Anglo-Saxon dialect spoken in ancient England. It has absorbed thousands of words from many other languages such as French, Latin, German, Greek and so on.

English is rich in vocabulary, its grammar is simple, its counting system is simple and its form is democratic. However, English has one great drawback, which brings it a bad name. English spellings are highly irregular making the language difficult to learn. For many common pronunciations there are different spellings. E.g. (cell) and (sell). Moreover, these two words carry a redundant extra symbol (l). some words carry silent letters. For example, the (debt) is spelled as (d-e-b-t) wherein the symbol (b) is not pronounced. Combination (i-e) is used in word (believe) while reverse combination (e-i) is used in the word (receive). An odd combination (ough) is used with different pronunciations in words (though) and (enough). Many more such absurdities of spellings can be quoted.

Here are some lines from a poem and other phrases highlighting the peculiarities of the English language by Thomas klimkiewicz;

'We'll begin with a box and the plural is boxes,

But the plural of ox became oxen not oxes.

One fowl is a goose, but two are called geese,

Yet the plural of moose should never be meese''.'

'the bandage was wound around the wound'

'the farm was used to produce the produce'

'The dump was so full that it had to refuse more refuse'..'



The way English is spoken varies slightly from one country to another but native English speakers are usually able to understand each other without problems, although Americans may complain of not being able to understand regional British accents. There are very few different dialects in the UK, but a lot of different regional accents, some of which are so strong that they may pose difficulties even to British people from another region to understand. For people arriving in the UK, it sometimes seems surprising how rapidly accents change when moving from region to region. Cockney is the main London accent, other major cities which have strong accents include Liverpool and Newcastle, colloquially known as 'scouse' (Liverpool) and 'geordie' (Newcastle). These accents are extremely tricky for the untrained ear and are accompanied by a bewildering range of vocabulary. Standard English is that which is spoken on the television and radio news. Those who speak it like to think of it as proper English.

Some may wonder will we ever change the English language so that there are not so many peculiarities. Some say that American English will determine the final form of the language because of the greater resilience it shows and the greater capacity for grammatical and lexical growth and the far greater tendency to accommodate itself to the linguistic needs and limitations of foreigners. Others say that one solution lies in retaining and studying English with its current spellings and also in launching a parallel language which may be called 'globish'. This new language would be informal at present and contain initially about 2000 words to initiate the public. It would follow English grammar and words but the spelling would be simplified and logical. It would consist of small letters without any capitals and with triple dots instead of a single dot at the end of a sentence. This would make the language look somewhat different from English. All English words would be recast in globish according to their pronunciation using these standard relations.

References;

www.mngogate.com

www.justlanded.com

www.usingenglish.com

www.bartleby.com