Teaching Styles Teaching any language is a difficult
Teaching any language is a difficult task because it can obviously not be learned in the same way as a person's native language. Thus, the difficulty of the task becomes to discover which method or style is the most effective for a particular classroom. The Online TEFL course provides at least eight different approaches to teaching English as a foreign language. It would be simple if every teacher could choose one of these approaches and use it exclusively; however, English teaching requires a combination of most of these teaching methodologies.
To discover the optimal combination of different teaching styles is very difficult and often changes with the aims and goals of the classroom. The best method to use can also vary greatly depending on the level of the class's students. Obviously, one would not teach a beginner class the same way they would an advanced class. An effective way of teaching from the beginning is to begin with grammar and vocabulary, and then slowly progress toward fluency and understanding.
Beginners of the English often begin with a grammar- translation method especially with adult students since this is the easiest way for them to build a foundation in the language from which they can begin to develop their English skills. But, this method is not effective later on, as it allows students of a foreign language to continually fall back on their native language and use translations to speak English. Therefore, the students rarely develop the level of fluency that teachers would like to see.
At that point, teachers can shift more towards a Communicative Language Teaching technique using the vocabulary and grammar that the students have learned. And now, teachers can concentrate slightly less on precision, and more on the level of fluency of the students. Lessons of this style should also be combined with the Presentation, Practice and Pronunciation (PPP) method since these students will have just enough English to begin using it, but they will need to incorporate the PPP method to further develop their grammar and vocabulary. As students progress further and further, teachers should aim to have classrooms use the Community Language Learning (CLL), where students learn through group discussions and activities. This technique combined with engaging and interesting activities can also help to motivate many students at the pre-intermediate or intermediate level because they can begin to apply their knowledge of English to whatever particular subject that they may have a personal interest in. This is also a good technique because the best way to learn a language is to use it, and the CLL creates a student- centered environment o that each student gets much more of an opportunity to participate. The biggest drawback of this method is trying to have students who are shy, quiet, or not as confident to participate with the entire class.
At advanced levels the way to teach a course becomes much more flexible since all the students will be very competent users of the English language. This will almost always focus on the particular group, such as a business group, or a TOEFL group, etc. These classes are usually much more specific and the teacher will be notified ahead of time as to the ultimate goal of the class.
All of these techniques can be overlaid with the Engage, Study, and Activate (ESA) method and its variations. The ESA method serves as a very effective way to keep students motivated while improving their linguistics and level of fluency. It can be adapted to most of the previously stated teaching methods effortlessly.
This is a general outline of how different levels should be taught at different levels. Certainly, there will always be opportunities to make adjustments throughout a course. The most important aspect to remember is not to be limited by any one of these techniques and to be able to adapt the teacher or students needs to optimize the amount learned in the class. The techniques for teaching are by no means limited to the ones I have presented, and there is no such thing as the one best technique for teaching English as a foreign language.
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