Teach English in E'erdengbulAge Sumu - Bayannao'er Shi — Bayan Nur

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According to Encyclopedia.com, CHILD DEVELOPMENT is the study of the different processes assumed to influence human growth and development from birth through adolescence. Development takes place within multiple domains (e.g., cognitive, physical, socio-emotional). Yet the processes underlying development can be common across the different domains of development. Early childhood development through education is a gradual and developmentally-appropriate process of teaching and mastering literacy and numeracy in children, so that,after the early years of school, they are ready for later educational success rather than failure. English as Second Language(ESL) Teachers, are as a matter of principle, required to have an introductory knowledge of this field of human development to effectively identify, relate,manage and teach various conditions of childhood development disorders that each young learner may possess and exhibit(either consciously or subconsciously).Developing an effective rapport between Teachers and Learners,or between learners requires a sound knowledge of child development, in order not to erroneously condemn a learner who actually needed special attention but you mistook this vulnerable person to be snobbish or at worst disrespectful.A well trained TEFL certified teacher without an appreciable level of childhood development and it disorders can as well be ineffective as a non certified TEFL teacher,because S/he lacks the requisite knowledge to effectively adopt the right approach or methodology to teach such student(s). Developing a rapport with young learners is as important as delivering the lesson and if this strategic relationship isn’t done right, it has the tendency of dampening the motivation of both the Teacher and Student(s), this will in turn create boredom in the classroom and consequently affect academic work. According to research, More than 200 million children under the age of five in the developing world are at risk of not reaching their full development potential because they suffer from the negative consequences of poverty, nutritional deficiencies and inadequate learning opportunities (Lancet 2007). To mitigate or at best,avert these disorders which can retard academic excellence ,hence my decision to write on the topic CHILD DEVELOPMENT,some of it disorders(and finally narrowing it down to autistic learners),it negative consequence to academic work and solutions. Autism,Expressive Language Disorder,Attachment Disorder,Reading Disorder,Conduct Disorder etc, are among these childhood development disorders and emphasy will be laid on Autism,it symptoms and methods of effectively dispensing lessons to learners with this ailment. Autism, or autism spectrum disorder (ASD), refers to a broad range of conditions characterized by challenges with social skills, repetitive behaviors, speech and nonverbal communication. Expressive language disorder is a communication disorder in which there are difficulties with verbal and written expression. ... Expressive language disorder affects work and schooling in many ways. It is usually treated by specific speech therapy, and usually cannot be expected to go away on its own. Attachment Disorders are psychiatric illnesses that can develop in young children who have problems in emotional attachments to Parents, Caregivers, or Teachers. Reading disorders occur when a person has trouble with any part of the reading process. Reading and language-based learning disabilities are commonly called dyslexia. These disorders are present from a young age and usually result from specific differences in the way the brain processes language. Conduct disorder is a serious behavioral and emotional disorder that can occur in children and teens. A child with this disorder may display a pattern of disruptive and violent behavior and have problems following rules. Autism or Autism spectrum disorder (ASD) can look different in different people. It’s a developmental disability that affects the way people communicate, behave, or interact with others. There’s no single cause for it, and symptoms can be very mild or very severe. Symptoms and it negative consequence to academic work include; Behavioural: inappropriate social interaction, poor eye contact, compulsive behaviour, impulsivity, repetitive movements, self-harm, or persistent repetition of words or actions Developmental: learning disability or speech delay in a child Cognitive: intense interest in a limited number of things or problem paying attention Psychological: unaware of others' emotions or depression. Methodology for Teaching • use pictograms:A pictogram also called a pictograph, and in computer usage an icon, is an ideogram that conveys its meaning through its pictorial resemblance to a physical object. • wait until the student is ready and paying attention before providing instructions • offer clear objectives for an activity • maintain a structured learning environment • Avoid the use of high level volume or intense pitch from microphone or speakers, extremely bright colours and lighting should equally be avoided • focus and build on strengths than concentrating on weakness • take notes about when meltdowns happen; try to identify triggers and patterns • determine if learner also suffers from dyslexia • find ways to incorporate a strong interest or passion in the learning • require your student to communicate (it may be their only chance in the day) • use a suitable role as a teacher to effectively manage, motivate and prompt your special students who require special attention. • pair with a sensitive student who is advanced or mature and can act more like a teacher • use a circle and horseshoes seating arrangement in order to effectively monitor,maintain a good eye contact with the student(s). Be mindful of the size of the classroom. • use visual support for instructions and schedules • provide large spaces and comfortable seating that allows the student to move around • watch for bullying : do not entertain any form of harassment from other students,this can make them either violent or timid. Education involves stakeholders and these include,teachers,parents or guardians and all should make frantic effort to appreciate the essence of monitoring the progress of lesson,interest towards language acquisition and finally lending a helping hand to learners with special needs for a successful academic work.