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Teach English in Meitanba Zhen - Changsha Shi
INTRODUCTION: Child development is a process in which human beings grow and mature from the stage of infancy to the stage of adulthood. Child development focuses on the changes that take place in human beings as they get mature from the age of 1-8yrs.In further we are going to study about how human beings learn to talk and understand different languages and able to play and response according to the different stages.How can a teacher help in the development of a child. Stages of child development and role of teacher: STAGE-1 INFANCY: This is very early stage begins at birth and lasts till 2-3 years of age. This is the only period where the growth and development is rapid compare to the life span. A child becomes toddler who can communicate through voice and emotions. Child starts crawling or sitting up but motor skills takes longer to develop which is the reason babies can't write or hold anything properly. ROLE OF TEACHER: It begins when a child is in late infancy and enters pre schools or play way schools.The teacher should be more like a mother who takes care of child's physical and emotional development. She should be humble, kind and playful.She should apply the techniques that can be used on kids to make them play and activate them through games, dance and other joyous activities.Showing them colorful cartoon videos and playing with color blocks are some great ideas to engage a child and make their mind work through it. STAGE-2 EARLY: The period of early childhood development starts from 3-6 years of age where children usually think of ABCs and 123s.The growth CHILDHOOD turns bit slow in this period as compare to the period of infancy.Children also increase in their gross motor skills.They are now able to jump, run and climb. In this stage kids also write letters and create very detailed drawings which means fine motor skills are in development.children allows themselves to think and solve some problems on their own which shows cognitive development where they mater in their native language. ROLE OF TEACHER:Pre-school teacher plays an important role in child. Teachers do more than facilitate arts ans crafts projects through the day.They provide structure and help children grow in reading and writing skills, teach science and help children understand themselves. This is the base stage where teacher need to set study patterns and activities for the children by taking in mind of all three skills i:e (fine motor, gross and cognitive skills).All activities with young children should respect child's right to play.Playing with toys, symbolic play, sensorial game, playing with sand and outdoor games are the excellent for this stage.study themes should be equally preferred with activities such as: WHO AM I? WHAT AND HOW I WANT TO BE? etc. STAGE-3 MIDDLE : This stage takes place from age of 6 to 12 years. Physical growth continuous and spurts of rapid growth in hight and weight occurs. CHILDHOOD Fine and gross motor skills continue to develop and child becomes stronger and faster than ever before. This time is known as the school years, as children are usually focused on traditional education at the point in development. This stage allows a child to communicate ans think with logic by solve problems more effectively. ROLE OF TEACHER:During middle childhood years, the children's motor, cognitive and gross skills development improves.Teacher should design some lessons or activities which fulfill the needs of the children. Activities and games such as passing skills, memory games, role play bean bag scramble can be implemented in their physical education lesson.Teachers nowadays do not solely play a role of knowledge provider to the students but teachers play a vital role in enhancing the child motor development in their middle childhood years. MY OWN EXPERIENCE DURING EARLY CHILDHOOD TEACHING I feel there's nothing quite like teaching, with which I live my passion.I taught pre primary classes for 2 years and that was my best years.It was a new experience for me.i felt, to deal with early years learners is works as one single thread that makes the whole cloth.It is all about bringing out the best in the child and weave it correctly in order. During my early childhood education training,I learnt that each lesson should be planned by focusing on the skills that can be generated through the activities and games and In TESOL training,I had an experience of planning the lessons and activities on the basis of ENGAGE, STUDY, ACTIVATE.