Teach English in Jinhe Zhen - Huaihua Shi

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Consciously exhibiting specific behaviour in the hope that it will be imitated is referred to as modelling. Certain behaviours can be strengthened, maintained or weakened by the modelling of others when their actions are imitated. Modelling does not necessarily involve direct instruction but is a type of vicarious learning that can be very useful in promoting positive behaviour from students within a classroom. It must be remembered that negative behaviour can also be modelled so a teacher must have good self reflection and self awareness capabilities, self discipline, patience and tenacity. (cehdivision2020.umn.edu/blog/modelling-behavior; teachearlyyears.com/positive-relationships/view/modelling-good-behaviour). Unsurprisingly classroom control/discipline has been rated by teachers among the top four challenges faced in public schools and rated as the top challenge by the general public for both public and private schools. Whilst there are many conflicting theories on how to manage student behaviour all discipline techniques are more effective when based in the positive modelling of behaviour, (education.gov.gy/web/index.php/teachers/tips-for-teaching/item/1982-how-to-promote-positive-behavior-in-the-classroom; teachervision.com/classroom-mamagement/positive-classroom-behavior). A teacher should take time to plan the strategies they will use to encourage positive classroom behaviour and to solidify within themselves what positive modelling they will need to consistently exhibit. A good teacher will avoid giving negative behaviour their attention when possible but when doing so they must keep their emotions in check so that disruptive students do not feel rewarded by the teachers attentions but are rather simply reminded of what is expected of them. Emotional responses should be reserved for reinforcing positive behaviours, (education.gov.gy/web/index.php/teachers/tips-for-teaching/item/1982-how-to-promote-positive-behavior-in-the-classroom; teachervision.com/classroom-mamagement/positive-classroom-behavior; cehdivision2020.umn.edu/blog/modelling-behavior; teachearlyyears.com/positive-relationships/view/modelling-good-behaviour). A teacher must believably and consistently model the types of behaviour they desire from their students by treating their students with respect, obeying the same rules they require their students to observe, by, for example, keeping their desk clean, tidy and organised, not interrupting other adults or students except to deal with negative behaviours, freely admitting ignorance when asked for information that is not known and finding out the answer as soon as possible to provide to their students, apologising when they have made a mistake, use 'I' statements instead of “you” when addressing negative behaviours and to always behave positively towards their students even when they may feel barraged by negative behaviours or feel they are being personally attacked or targeted by particular students, (education.gov.gy/web/index.php/teachers/tips-for-teaching/item/1982-how-to-promote-positive-behavior-in-the-classroom; teachervision.com/classroom-mamagement/positive-classroom-behavior; cehdivision2020.umn.edu/blog/modelling-behavior; teachearlyyears.com/positive-relationships/view/modelling-good-behaviour). It has been well established that positive reinforcement has a greater effect than negative reinforcement so it is more important to use the 'carrot' rather than the 'stick' whenever possible. On it's own positive modelling has not been shown to be a successful reinforcement so it must be paired with other techniques such as token economies as rewards for good behaviour, cooperative learning, cuing, shaping, clear expectations, involving children in the formation of class rules, visually displaying rules within the classroom as a reminder, regular encouragement and praise, etc. Whichever techniques you choose to pair with positive modelling stick to them consistently but review regularly to gauge their effectiveness and change if necessary making sure the children are included and informed of the coming changes ahead of time, (teachervision.com/classroom-mamagement/positive-classroom-behavior; cehdivision2020.umn.edu/blog/modelling-behavior). Regardless of changes you may make to class rules and disciplinary techniques an effective teacher must always model positive behaviour. As an adult and staff member within the school the example set can be more powerful than other examples in the general community so constant positive modelling should always be adhered to. At times a teacher may find their patience tested, their energy flagging or their emotions triggered but self-discipline must win out and a convincing performance given at all times when around students as children copy what they see. Children will pay attention to how a teacher behaves when under stress as much as at any other time so a teacher must be keenly self aware and in control of their emotions as the daily and hourly stresses mount, (teachervision.com/classroom-mamagement/positive-classroom-behavior; cehdivision2020.umn.edu/blog/modelling-behavior; teachearlyyears.com/positive-relationships/view/modelling-good-behaviour). Some further examples of positive modelling include: greeting the students by standing at the door or just inside it with a welcoming smile and attitude; respecting and trusting your students by leading them rather than standing over them and directing; suppressing emotional responses; using changes in the volume, pace and tone of your voice to encourage, discourage or excite; use non-verbal cues rather than excessive verbal instruction; as much as possible assume a similar eye level when communicating with individuals; become adept at feigning excitement, approval and disappointment without becoming emotionally invested, (teachearlyyears.com/positive-relationships/view/modelling-good-behaviour). Self mastery is key and is at the root of effective, positive modelling! References cehdivision2020.umn.edu/blog/modelling-behavior teachearlyyears.com/positive-relationships/view/modelling-good-behaviour education.gov.gy/web/index.php/teachers/tips-for-teaching/item/1982-how-to-promote-positive-behavior-in-the-classroom teachervision.com/classroom-mamagement/positive-classroom-behavior).