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Grammar is “the whole system and structure of a language or of languages in general, usually taken as consisting of syntax and morphology (including inflections) and sometimes also phonology and semantics.” By definition, all languages follow grammatical patterns and therefore extremely important to learning a second language and even to properly structuring and using one's own native language. Language is a way of communicating and grammar is essential to mastering a language as it represents a set of rules, norms, regularities and exceptions that define the way a language works. Effective communication is of utmost importance to individuals in our daily lives as it permits us to share information and knowledge, thoughts and feelings and brings understanding among people, which in turn allows us to build healthy and meaningful relationships. Grammar helps to improve the use of a language as it is present in all 4 receptive and productive skills. It covers writing, spelling, sentences structure, sounds, subjects, verb tenses, punctuation and different parts of speech. It teaches us how to logically bring words together in order to form sentences within a language in order to express ourselves, make ourselves understood and efficiently communicate with one another. An incorrect use of grammar or one simple difference in punctation for example, can change the entire meaning and clarity of a sentence. Correct use of grammar is essential to carrying the accurate message we are trying to convey. Teachers and students alike are often concerned with teaching and learning grammar as it is extensive and highly complex. However, it often represents the very basics of a language’s structure and therefore of effective communication. When a language is our mother tongue, the acquisition of grammar is quite an unconscious process. Though grammar is not innate as it forms part of childhood school programs, for native speakers the learning process is often neglected. For a foreign language student, the learning process is conscious and requires planning and dedication and is absolutely essential to mastering a language. It is therefore important to be aware of the stages of learning for both teachers and students. One must realize that it is important to start with the essentials and progress through a process in which grammatical competencies gradually improve and enrich themselves. For a student, the more logical grammar structures are assimilated, the easier the learning process becomes. This will then be reflected in better comprehension, reading, writing and fluidity of speech. Grammar being linguistical rules, are necessary in communicating effectively on a daily basis, just as rules are necessary in daily life. All in all, grammar should be made a priority in learning a language, especially in early stages, but that in order to master a language, it is also essential to put into context and practice what has been learned. The importance of grammar has changed over time and nowadays seems to be questioned. Rules and structures have also evolved over time and grammar is constantly changing mainly due to new means of communication constantly appearing (ie. Online, social media, apps etc...) I personally believe that each language should cling to their linguistical grammatical roots, as the correct and proper use of a language is part of maintaining a culture and also a certain level of education.