Teach English in Xijingzi Zhen - Wulanchabu Shi — Ulanqab

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As the process of globalization is still increasing the English language remains a worldwide net of communication. It is not strange to see people willing to learn the world’s lingua franca. But when it comes to the class teachers face with different age groups of their students. In order to give all the learners equal knowledge, teachers need to use various techniques and approaches. So how should young learners and adults be learned? First of all, while teaching young learners it is important to remember that children are very active, so fun and interactive lessons are key for them. The dynamics of the class should be changed often. A teacher needs to use a higher pitch tone of voice, positive responses and plenty of repetition. A lot of various short activities (for instance board drawings, alphabet relay, slow Pictionary, pass the ball, hangman, tongue twisters, role-play, etc.), games, songs and visualization are a must in order to involve every child into the lesson. Secondly, any teacher should have some knowledge in psychology to understand young learners better and to be able to deal with the discipline in the class. Children view teachers as an authoritative figure, they seek for teacher’s approval because they are the kind of learners who are adult dependent. In addition, they do not have a clear sense of direction, so it is the teacher who takes control during the course. In other words, the teacher is in charge of the class. Another factor when teaching younger students is definitely “the curiosity factor”. Children are creative, open to new activities and, what is most important, they are not afraid of making mistakes while learning. Certainly, there are some exceptions and for that teachers should find out the solutions but mostly the young generation depict English lessons as a fun time. On the other hand, adult learners are quite different kinds of students. They know what they want, their life experience is various, they are independent. To put it more simply, adults are self-directed learners. It is obvious that such students have a higher level of motivation as they, usually, need English for their careers. Quite often, if not always, they desire to apply new and fresh knowledge to their lives immediately. Teachers should use simple language, as with children, a good amount of visualization, including diagrams and tables. The use of modern technologies can be beneficial to adults (as well as to young learners). Because adults, in general, are less energetic than young learners, games are not the most often used activity. Alternatively, teachers use dialogues, debates and discussions more often. It must be emphasized that sometimes adults may feel anxious because they are not the age of the “typical” learners and can respond not right away for the cause of being afraid to make mistakes. So, for this reason, activities during the class should have a sense of apprehension. This kind of learner seeks for the teacher’s feedback. To sum up briefly, young students and adults have different learning styles, they absorb information in substantially various ways. While children accept new information, adults, by contrast, challenge it. However, the fundamental practice remains the same. The process of language acquisition depends on the teacher and his role which is immense.