Teach English in AijiA Zhen - Yichng Shi

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While teaching a new language, we, as a teacher need to concetrate on some skills that are very important. such as writing, reading, speaking and listening. If we mis one of these skills, it will mean that we dont provide the needed knowledge for our students., and all these are equally important.Today I am going to speak about the English grammar and my main point will be the modal auxiliary verbs and how to teach them as a grammar rule. First of all let me introduce and define what is a auxiliary verb. These verbs are used to show willingness, capability, necessity or possibility. And like other verbs the modal verbs also show if the action happened in the past, present or future. The modal auxiliary verbs are as follows. 1. Can / Could 2. May/might 3. Shall/ should 4. will/would 5.ought/must All these modals can also indicate question and negative forms. So how can we teach these verbs for the students to understand their differences and their usage: Today I will take one modal verb as an example, and it will be Can. After introducing the modal verbs we need to show which of them indicates possibility, suggestion, advice and obligation. And for it the most acceptable way is giving examples. So the modal verb can means that someone is bale to to something. for example: I can help you. (means he is able to help) the modal verb here is can, which is used in the basic or infinitive form without particle to. And also, the most important thing is that, while using modal verbs in third person, singular no -S or -ES is added, like we do in present simple. For example: He cans help you. This is not correct, we need to say: He can help you. For making an interrogative sentence we need to bring the modal verb to the beginning of the sentence. For example: Can I help you? And for the negative we just add not to the modal verb, such as: I can not help you or I can't help you. To show an action in the past, can becomes could, For example: I could help her, but she didn't want. Could has the same usage as can, but only shows a past action. The equivalent for can is be able to, which we use to show a future action. With will we use be able. For example: I will be able to help you, if you want. And not I will can help, will and can can't be used together. So this is the example of the modal verb Can. After explaining the usage of it, we need to make the students to use the modal verb.The best solution for it, is to let them make sentences of their own, by asking them guided questions. For example: What can you do to develop your speaking skills? And when we see that they are confident in the usage, we can go on asking them to make the negative form. After all these activities we will let them work independently and make sentences using modal verbs by putting them into groups or making pair works. This is on of the ways of we can teach the modal auxiliary verbs.