Teach English in Jinpen Zhen - Yiyang Shi

Do you want to be TEFL or TESOL-certified and teach in Jinpen Zhen? Are you interested in teaching English in Yiyang Shi? Check out ITTT’s online and in-class courses, Become certified to Teach English as a Foreign Language and start teaching English ONLINE or abroad! ITTT offers a wide variety of Online TEFL Courses and a great number of opportunities for English Teachers and for Teachers of English as a Second Language.

The study of language acquisition has long been a topic of interest to both psychologists and linguists alike. The manner wherein we acquire language is broken into two categories, depending on the developmental stage of the student being thought. First language acquisition refers to the manner which children learn their native language. Second language acquisition refers to the learning of another language differing from their native language. This essay is concerned with the affect reading has upon language acquisition. Reading is a core area in the acquisition of language. However, the statement is interchangeable as the language acquired by a student greatly predicts their reading acquisition. This essay will discuss briefly the manner a student firstly acquires knowledge of language, included in this will be an overview of Chomsky’s hypothesis’ related to the innate acquisition of language. The interchangeable link and undoubted affect of reading upon language acquisition will then be discussed, with the intention of illustrating the essential role reading acquisition plays in language acquisition. Language acquisition whether it is a child’s first or second language, depends on four skill areas that must be addressed, continually and consistently by a teacher or authoritative model within a language lesson. A great lesson plan would interchangeably incorporate all four, these are: The Productive skills of writing (including grammar) and speaking, followed by the receptive skills of reading (including vocabulary) and listening. The way we acquire this knowledge has been hypothesized famously by Noam Chomsky. in his ‘’Innateness Hypothesis’’ Chomsky alludes that the human species is pre-wired with a ‘Language Acquisition Device’(LAD). According to this view all children are born with a universal grammar, which lends itself to the acquisition of the common features and structures of the language. Many reasons have led to this hypothesis particularly the ease and speed with which language is acquired regardless of impoverished or overactive input. All children will learn a language, additionally possessing the ability to acquire more than one if they are exposed to it. Essential to Chomsky’s idea of an innate LAD (language, acquisition, device) is the hypothesis of a Critical age. This suggests that there is an age specific threshold for language acquisition without the need for special teaching or learning. Within this critical period language learning proceeds quickly and easily. However, after this period the acquisition of grammar becomes difficult, and in some cases never fully achieved. Beyond this age, humans find it much more challenging to acquire some areas of syntax and inflectional morphology. While the critical age is important to consider while learning about language acquisition, it most certainly does not pertain to all of language acquisition, instead to specific parts of grammar and structure. Now that a good understanding of language acquisition has been formed, this essay can undoubtedly suggest that reading influences it, and vice versa. Reading is a receptive language skill; it is oral language in a visual format. Therefore, it makes credible sense that the acquisition of the reading process intermingles, with the acquisition of language enhancement and dexterity. There are three key literacy skills acquired through the learning of a language that influence the acquisition of reading skills. These skills include , phonological awareness which is basically the ability to pick out phonemic sounds within vocabulary ; Print recognition , which is the ability to recognise match and correlate symbols to sound ; Oral language which refers to the ability to listen process and learn new aspects of the language. The language acquisition of a student heavily affects the reading ability of a student, therefor the most effective way to help a student acquire a good, accurate competent reading ability would be to focus upon these three literacy skills. As such it is the foundations of language, that envisage unhampered progress through, learning to read, the fluency of the reader as well as reading comprehension and ultimately the ability to read with metacognition. Metacognition refers to a student’s ability to understand or comprehend a piece of work without having to think exactly why they know it, in short, they are aware of their own awareness, or ‘knowing about knowing’. However, it must be noted that metacognition should only the goal of intermediate to highly advanced classes. Not only that, it must be understood that accuracy of use within a classroom is far more important than perfection. So, it may be said that reading does affect language acquisition, as reading is just another format for the brain to receive written language. Furthermore, reading ability is superimposed upon language ability. The same regions we use to learn and use language within the brain are identical to those used within reading. Therefore, it would be an act of sheer ignorance to suggest that reading does not affect the language acquisition of a learner, in fact their reading ability gives a clear lens into the acquired language of the student. Overall it is clear that reading affects and comes to effect in correspondence with language acquisition. In fact, it goes without saying that the receptive skills of reading and listening rely upon the productive skills of writing and speaking. In-fact as suggested in my first paragraph there are four skill areas essential in the learning of a foreign language, great teachers incorporate all four as often as pertinent. Native speakers do not learn these skills separate, nor are they used independently of themselves. It is paramount then that these skills are not thought separately, nonetheless a teacher must remain cognisant of the pitfall of teaching about the language rather than teaching it. To conclude, through a brief overview of language acquisition this essay found that reading does affect language acquisition because it quite simply enacts upon all other skill areas in tandem. As an EFL teacher it must understand that the acquisition of language relates directly to the acquisition of reading.