Teach English in QujiAng Zhen - Yiyang Shi

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In this essay we are going to talk about two different versions of English which is American and British English. HISTORY The English was introduced to America through British colonization in early 17th century.It also spread to many other parts of the world due power of the British empire.Over many years American and British spoken English started diverging from each other in different aspects.This led to a new dialects in the form of American English. ACCENT The Americans and British both speak English, yet when they speak they sound completely different. This is mainly due to the fact that they tend to have different accents. In fact each of them speaks a whole different dialect. The Americans use the American English, whereas the British utilize the British English. This is one of the major contributors to the different accents.However, when speaking about the American and British Accents, it can actually be misleading to say ‘American Accent’ and ‘British Accent’. The reason for this is the fact that there are many different types of American Accents and many British Accents. The world is most familiar with an American Accent known as General American. There are also varieties of British accents such as: Cockney, Estuary English (Southeast British), West Country (Southwest British), Midlands English, Brummie (Birmingham English), Northern England English, Geordie, Welsh English, Scottish English, and many more regional accents.Let’s talk about some specific differences. General American: 1.Rhotic: This means that the ‘r’ at the end of the word is pronounced 2.No Trap-bath split: Certain ‘a’ words, like bath, can’t, and dance, are pronounced with the short-a, as in cat. 3.The letter “T” in the middle of a word can be pronounced like a fast “D” General British: 1.Non-rhoticity: This means that the ‘r’ at the end of the word is not pronounced. 2.Trap-bath split: These words are instead pronounced with the broad-a as in father. 3.The letter “T” in the middle of a word cannot be pronounced like a fast “D” The other difference between the two accents is that the American Accent is easier to understand than the British Accent. It is also the most commonly used accent in the world; however, the British Accent is more idolized and considered to be sexier. VOCABULARY The English language developed over hundreds of years. During that time, it was changing a lot. It was adding new words from languages like Latin, French and German, and it was also changing existing English words. The language is still changing right now, so what sounds “normal” now may be “weird” in 100 years!.Over the years, most of the British colonies got independence. This allowed the English they spoke to change slowly. At the same time, the way people in Britain spoke English was also changing, but not in the same way as in the colonies. It’s true that there are many differences between British and American English, but there are many more similarities. If you can speak, read or understand someone speaking one variety of English, you’ll also probably be able to understand most of the other varieties with no problem. SPELLING Here are some general differences between British andAmerican spellings: Examples of words that end in -or in American English and -our in British English: color/colour, humor/humour, flavor/flavour Examples of words that end in -ize in American English and -ise in British English: recognize/recognise, patronize/patronise The best way to make sure that you are being consistent in your spelling is to utilize the spell check tool associated with your word processor and select the type of English (American or British) you'd like to use GRAMMAR Fortunately British and American grammar aren’t very different,however there are still some differences. For instance, in American English, collective nouns are considered singular (e.g. The band is playing). In contrast, collective nouns can be either singular or plural in British English, although the plural form is most often used (e.g. The band are playing). The British are also more likely to use formal speech, such as ‘shall’, whereas Americans favour the more informal ‘will’ or ‘should’.    In British English, ‘at’ is the preposition in relation to time and place. However, in American English, ‘on’ is used instead of the former and ‘in’ for the latter. CONCLUSION As the most-spoken second language on the planet, English has to be flexible. After all, it’s not solely spoken in the countries we’ve detailed above. So whether you speak English like a British or like an American, this should not be an obstacle when communicating with people on the opposite side of the pond, or anywhere else in the world for that matter. http://www.differencebetween.info www.diffen.com www.fluentu.com www.britishcouncilfoundation.id www.babbel.com