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This paper will answer the question “What are five flashcard activities for teaching English to young learners?” Young learners are defined as students attending elementary school, aged between six and twelve. 1. Pass the card This activity is a great warmer and an effective way to introduce or review vocabulary. This activity works well with both small and large groups. Students sit in a circle with the teacher. The target language is elicited and chorally drilled. The teacher then shows one flashcard to the group, says the target language out loud and passes the flashcard, using two hands, to their left. The student who receives the card then says the target language and passes the card to their left using two hands. This is repeated along the circle. Once the flashcard has gone around the circle and started its second rotation, the teacher starts to add new flashcards, repeating the same procedure, as the first card continues to travel around the circle. The aim should be to eventually have more flashcards than students traveling around the circle. Students will increasingly have to say and pass the cards faster and faster until the cards become bottle-necked and the activity breaks down. At this point, the teacher collects all the cards and does choral practice with any of the target language that the students had difficulty with. 2. What’s missing? This is a game of memory. Students listen and repeat the target vocabulary (four to eight flashcards works well, based on the age and skill level of your students). The flashcards are placed face-up on a table that the students are sitting around. The students are given ten seconds to memorise the flashcards. After ten seconds, the teacher covers their eyes prompting the students to do the same. Once all the students' eyes are closed, the teacher changes the position of all the cards on the table and turns one of them face down. The students open their eyes and then race to say which card is turned face-down. Once a student correctly identifies the missing card, the turned-down card is revealed and chorally drilled. A tally can be kept if the students enjoy competitive activities. Again, this activity is a great way to introduce and review vocabulary and get students thinking in English at the beginning of a lesson. 3. Freeze This game works well with both small and large classes and is especially useful with younger students as it gets them moving around the classroom. To set up this activity, push all tables and chairs to the sides of the room. After eliciting and chorally drilling the target flashcards, the students line up against one wall and the teacher stands at the opposite wall of the classroom with the flashcards. Demonstrate that running is not allowed during this game for safety reasons. Facing the students, the teacher reveals a flashcard for the students to chorally drill. The teacher turns around with their back to the students and selects another flashcard. During this time, students move quietly towards the teacher. The teacher then quickly turns around. Any students who are seen moving towards the teacher are named and go back to their starting wall. Once a student reaches the teacher’s opposite wall, the activity ends and the winning student takes the role of the teacher. 4. Slap The activity works best for groups of two to eight with four to twelve flashcards, depending on the group size, skill level, and age. After the flashcards have been elicited and drilled, the flashcards are placed on a table face-up which the students are standing around. The teacher then demonstrates the activity. The teacher places their hands on their heads and reads one of the flashcards out loud. The teacher then “slaps” the card they readout. The activity then begins. The teacher places their hands on their head, prompting the students to copy. The teacher reads out a flashcard and the students then race to slap the correct card first. The winning student places the card beside them off the table so a winner can be tallied at the end of the activity. Towards the end of the activity, when there are only a couple of cards left, the teacher can say words not listed on the cards to trick the students into slapping the wrong card. Younger students often find this highly amusing. Once all of the cards have been correctly slapped, each student counts out the cards they collected (in English) and the winner is determined. 5. Rock-Paper-Scissors team battle Students are put into two teams of roughly equal English ability who stand opposite each other in a single file with five to seven flashcards placed between them in a line, like a railroad (flashcards) between two trains (the two student teams). The teacher demonstrates the activity with one of the stronger students. From opposite ends of the “railroad” the teacher and student, who stand at the front of the opposing teams, start moving forward saying the target language on each of the flashcards as they pass them. When they meet at some point along the flashcard line, they play rock-paper-scissors (in English). The winner continues along the flashcard line and the loser moves to the back of their team’s line with the person at the front of that line repeating the process of walking down the line and saying the target language as they pass each card, playing rock-paper-scissors against their opponent wherever they meet along the line. A team gains one point when they reach the end of the line. The first team to earn three points wins. One of the main benefits of these flashcard activities is that they can easily be customized and varied. Pre-teach a target sentence structure and have students repeat it using the flashcard vocabulary. You can also place number and color flashcards next to the original flashcards to increase the level of difficulty.