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When teaching you could find yourself in a range of different classrooms. You could be teaching young learners or adults. As a tefl teacher it is important to adapt to these different situations. This can be done through different activities and learning modes. The lessons need to be structured according to the different learning needs. Young learners and adults have very different leaning modes, but they also have similarities, it is the teachers responsibility to know how to change the lesson and teaching behaviour to match the students requirements. One of the first differences found would be the classroom set-up; A children's classroom will be colourful, full of visual aids and fun environment whereas an adults classroom will be simpler, with desks and a whiteboard. The most obvious difference we will find in the classroom between these two will definitely be the classroom control, adults will have more discipline, whereas young learners need to be instructed to behave appropriately. When teaching young learners we need to keep in mind that the students have a shorter attention span, therefore the lessons will need to be more interesting with short activities. Long exercises that include a lot of silence work are not appropriate. The children will become agitated and lose interest. The teacher must give clear and simple instructions so that the students won’t have trouble understanding. Another important thing is to make these lessons fun, therefore filled with games and activities that will keep the young learners interested and entertained at the same time. Adult learners have the ability to figure things out for themselves, young learners on the other hand won’t have this ability, it is the teachers responsibility to make sure this is the case by giving clear instructions. Younger students require the structure that adult learners will not necessarily need. Another major difference between these two types of learners is the motivation they will bring into the classroom. Young learners don’t normally choose to be in the classroom, that is why they will most likely be less motivated compared to an adult learner who has chosen to learn the new language, weather it’s for work or other reasons and use their past experiences and apply them to the classwork. Some of the positives of teaching young learners is that they learn quickly and efficiently, this can be because of their curiosity, it is easier for children to learn a new language. Adults have more trouble learning new language, this can be because as we become older, apprehending a new language becomes difficult. Some of the positives of teaching adults would definitely be the self sufficiency and the ability to relate to the teacher. Both young learners and adults obviously prefer an entertaining lesson, they both need to trust and feel safe about what they are being taught inside the classroom and they obviously both deserve respect from their teacher. In conclusion, both adults and young learners need all the attention a teacher can give, and both require the lessons to be well planned. They both have pros and cons and need to be understood by the teacher. Young learners will need a more exciting, fun and colourful lesson, adults will need to be kept entertained also but in different ways such as; having subjects in the lessons that can relate to them. The important thing is that the teacher understand the simple things listen on this essay, and that respects both young and adult learners the same way, and obviously make sure that students respects their hard work.