Teach English in Tuchengzi Zhen - Chifeng Shi

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Engage-Study-Activate “ESA” is a methodology that teachers can apply to their classroom adding structure on how they will be teaching their students. The criteria the teacher will follow will have an engage phase, study phase and an activate phase. The first step will be to engage the students with what is known as warmers. The study phase will be used more as the construction of the language. The activate stage is used for fluency or to just freely use the language as much as possible. There are three lessons that go along with ESA and they are known as straight arrow, boomerang, and patchwork. The straight arrow lesson will consist of an engage, study and activate phase. The boomerang lesson will consist of an engage phase, a study phase and two activate stages. The patchwork is different because it can have many study and activate phases but it must always end on a activate phase. When breaking down ESA the engage, study and activate phases will each have their own ways to execute the phases properly. The engage phase will be a general discussion about a topic. These topics can range from pictures, videos, drawings etc. The ways to teach these topics are by using warmers which can consist of things like memory games, word linking and information searching. The study phase will be focused on elicitation, pronunciation, spelling etc. How it can be taught is by utilizing tongue twisters, hangman “when you want to get the class included”, word searching and gap fills. The activate phase will used as a way for the students to use the language as much as possible. The activities that can be used for this phase are by role playing, communication games, discussions or debates about a topic. The ESA phases will be used in the straight arrow, boomerang and patchwork lessons. The teacher can incorporate a variety of things from the phases into a planned-out lesson. The straight arrow lesson can work in a lot of situations. The straight arrow lesson can be used in dealing with language that can be complex or complicated, but this lesson also has predictability. The boomerang lesson will allow the expansion on being able to incorporate more things into a lesson. The patchwork lesson will grant much more freedom than the previous two but requires more time and a higher-level of English to be used to its fullest potential. The use of ESA will fall upon the teacher to make sure they are using what will work best with the level of English known or age group they are teaching. Keeping things balanced and interesting within the ESA lessons will only help the students learn as they will be interested in the content being shown to them. Within the lessons the teacher needs to expose as much English as possible to the students. The teacher can also add pair work in certain phases “such as the study phase or activate stage” whenever they feel is necessary. Most importantly the encouragement from the teacher will be important, as they should be directing the students to expand in the language on their own.