The Future Tenses - Future Perfect - Structure, Usages and Teaching Ideas
Now let's have a look at the future perfect tense. The future perfect tense is used to talk about an action in the future that will be completed by a point in the future. Here, we have for our positive form our subject in general we're using the pronoun ?she' here, so ?She will have finished.' We're using the word ?will' to indicate the future. We're using our helping verb or auxiliary verb ?have' and the past participle form of the main verb, in this case here, it's ?finish', which was conjugated as ?finished': ?She will have finished.' In order to make the negative form, we simply add the word ?not' between the word ?wil'l and our helping verb ?have': ?She will not have finished,' and finally we ask our question by starting with the word ?will' then using our subject our auxiliary verb ?have' and our main verb ?finished': ?Will she have finished?' The only usage for this tense will be to speak about actions that will be completed before a future time. Here, our example sentence reads ?I will have finished this course by the end of the year.' Here, we're relating to future action finishing or ?have finished' something by another point in the future, which is here the end of the year. Now let's take a look at the teaching ideas for the future perfect tense. This tense is used to talk about actions that will have happened by another point in time in the future. Here, we could be asking questions like ?What will you have done by the age of 50?' ?What will you have accomplished by next year?' We could shorten that into simple diaries and journals. We could give students a monthly calendar for them to fill out. At the end of it, will ask questions such as ?What will you have done by the end of the month?' The students can make various comments based upon that. We can also use this for famous people. We can have our students choose a famous actor or a famous politician and simply ask ?How many films will he have made by the time he's 50?' ?How many films will she have directed by the year 2025?'
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